Peace Treaty Drafts: “Israel — Palestine Conflict”
- YouTube: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iRYZjOuUnlU
- Change.org: https://www.change.org/p/justin-trudeau-stop-israel-s-illegal-annexation-of-the-west-bank
- Change.org: http://chng.it/8Xgs446gcv
- Title: “Peace Treaty Draft: Israel — Palestine Conflict”
- Tags: Israel, Palestinians, West Bank, Palestine, Conflict, Gaza
- Google Document: https://docs.google.com/document/d/1aScxMHXw-PFhu6gbWheWsNqJTLqwp5fX5dcXrAQqnBI/edit?usp=sharing
- Website: https://sites.google.com/view/peace-drafts/home
This website page is about drafting potential peace treaties for the public to edit, for further elaboration and information, to make petitions on and possibly get signed to the United Nations or any form of congress locally or nationally.
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تدور صفحة الموقع هذه حول صياغة معاهدات سلام محتملة للجمهور لتحريرها ، لمزيد من التفصيل والمعلومات ، لتقديم الالتماسات وربما التوقيع على الأمم المتحدة أو أي شكل من أشكال الكونجرس محليًا أو وطنيًا.
سنقوم باعتماد المصادر للمساعدة في بدء كل مستند ؛ إذا كنت ترغب في تعديل كل مستند تم توفيره ، فانتقل إلى “ملف — عمل نسخة” لبدء نشر مسودتك الخاصة. يجب أن تكون كل مسودة من كل شخص فريدة بطريقتها الخاصة لتجنب المنشورات غير المرغوب فيها وفرصة لاختيار أكثر تنوعًا لمصادر المعلومات.
עמוד אתר זה עוסק בעריכת חוזי שלום פוטנציאליים לציבור לעריכה, להרחבה ומידע, לביצוע עצומות ואולי להחתים את האו”ם או כל סוג של קונגרס באופן מקומי או לאומי.
אנו נזכה במקורות אשר יסייעו בהתחלת כל מסמך; אם ברצונך לערוך כל מסמך שסופק, עבור אל “קובץ — צור עותק” כדי להתחיל את הטיוטה שלך לפרסום. כל טיוטה מכל אדם צריכה להיות ייחודית בדרכה כדי להימנע מפרסומי דואר זבל והזדמנות למבחר מגוון יותר של מקורות מידע.
THE ISRAEL + PALESTINE CONFLICT
One of the biggest myths about the Israel Palestine conflict is that it’s been going on for centuries, all about ancient religious hatreds. In fact, while religion involves conflicts, mostly about two groups of people who claim the same land, and it really only goes back about a century to the early 1900s. Around then the region along the eastern Mediterranean we now call Israel Palestine, then under Ottoman rule for centuries, was religiously diverse cluding mostly Muslims and Christians, also a small number of Jews who lived generally in peace, that was changing in two important ways.
First, more people in the region were developing a sense of being not just ethnic Arabs, but Palestinians distinct national identity. At the same time, not so far away in Europe, more Jews were joining a movement called Zionism, which said that Judaism was not just a religion, but a nationality, one that deserved a nation of its own. And after centuries of persecution, many believed a Jewish state was their only way of safety, and saw their historic homeland in the Middle East is the best hope for establishing it. In the first decades of the 20th century, 10s of 1000s of European Jews moved there. After World War One, the Ottoman Empire collapsed and British and French empires carved up the Middle East, the British taking control of a region it called the British Mandate for Palestine.
First, the British allowed Jewish immigration. But as more Jews arrived, settling into farming communities, tension between Jews and Arabs grew, both sides committed acts of violence, and by the 1930s, the British began limiting Jewish immigration. In response Jewish militias formed to fight both the local Arabs and to resist British rule. Then came the Holocaust, leading many more Jews to flee Europe for British Palestine, and galvanizing much of the world in support of a Jewish state.
In 1947, as sectarian violence between Jews and Arabs there grew, the United Nations approved a plan to divide British Palestine into two separate states, one for Jews, Israel, and one for Arabs, Palestine, city of Jerusalem where Jews, Muslims and Christians all have holy sites was to become a special international zone. The plan was meant to give Jews a state to establish Palestinian independence, and to end the sectarian violence that the British could no longer control.
The Jews accepted the plan and they declared independence as Israel. But Arabs throughout the region saw the UN plan is just more European colonialism trying to steal their land. Many of the Arab states who had just recently went independence themselves declared war on Israel in an effort to establish a unified Arab Palestine, we’re all finished Palestine had been the new state of Israel won the war. But in the process, they pushed well past their borders under the UN plan, taking the western half of Jerusalem and much of the land that was to have been part of Palestine. They also expelled huge numbers of Palestinians from their homes, creating a massive refugee population whose descendants today number about 7 million. At the end of the war, Israel controlled all of the territory except for Gaza, which Egypt controlled in the West Bank name because it’s west of the Jordan River, which Jordan controlled.
This was the beginning of the decades long Arab Israeli conflict. During this period, many Jews in Arab majority countries fled or were expelled writing in Israel. Then something happened to transform the conflict.
In 1967, Israel and the neighboring Arab states fought another war. When it ended, Israel had seized the Golan Heights from Syria, the West Bank from Jordan, and both Gaza and the Sinai Peninsula from Egypt. Israel was now occupying the Palestinian territories, including all of Jerusalem and it totally cites. This left Israel responsible for governing the Palestinians, a people that had fought for decades. And at&t 78, Israel and Egypt signed the US brokered Camp David Accords. Shortly after that Israel gave cyanide back to Egypt as part of the peace treaty. At the time. This was hugely controversial in the Arab world. gyptian President Anwar Sadat was assassinated in part because of outrage against it. But it marked the beginning of the end of the wider Arab Israeli conflict.
Over the next few decades, the other Arab states gradually made peace with Israel, even if they never signed formal peace treaties. But Israel’s military was still occupying the Palestinian territories of the West Bank and Gaza. And this is when the conflict became an in Israeli Palestinian struggle. The Palestinian Liberation Organization which had formed in the 1960s, to seek a Palestinian state, fought against Israel, including through acts of terrorism. Initially, the PLO claimed all of what had been British Palestine, meaning wanted to end the State of Israel entirely. fighting between Israel and the PLO went on for years, even including in 1982 Israeli invasion of Lebanon, take the group out of school most
The appeal of later said it would set dividing land between Israel and Palestine. But the conflict continued. As all of this was happening, something dramatic was changing in the Israel occupied Palestinian territories. As really as removing in these people are called settlers and they made their homes in the West Bank and Gaza. With the Palestinians one of them are not some move for religious reasons, some because they want to claim the land for Israel. Some just because housing is cheap, often subsidized by the Israeli government. Some settlements are cities with 1000s of people, others or small communities deep into the West Bank.
The settlers are followed by soldiers to guard them the growing settlements forced Palestinians off their land and divided communities. Short term they make the occupation much more painful for Palestinians long term by dividing up Palestinian land, they make it much more difficult for the Palestinians to ever have an independent state. Today there are several 100,000 settlers in occupied territory, even though the international community considers them illegal. By the late 1980s. Palestinian frustration exploded into the Intifada, which is the Arabic word for uprising. It began with mostly protests and boycotts soon became violent. Israel responded with heavy force. A couple 100 Israelis, over 1000 Palestinians died in the first Intifada.
Around the same time, a group of Palestinians in Gaza considered the PLO to secular to compromise minded created Hamas, a violent extremist group dedicated to Israel’s destruction by the early 1990s. It’s clear that Israelis and Palestinians have to make peace, leaders from both sides signed the Oslo Accords. This is meant to be the big first step toward Israel maybe someday withdrawing from the Palestinian territories and allowing an independent Palestine. The Oslo Accords established the Palestinian Authority, allowing Palestinians a little bit of freedom to govern themselves in certain areas. hardliners on both sides oppose the Oslo Accords. Members of Hamas launch suicide bombings to try to sabotage the process. The Israeli right protest peace talks with ralliers calling Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin a traitor and a Nazi. Not long after we’re being signs the second round of Oslo Accords, the far right Israeli shoots him to death and Tel Aviv. This violence showed how extremists on both sides can use violence to derail peace, keep a permanent conflict going as they seek the other side’s total destruction. That’s a dynamic that’s been around ever since.
Negotiations meant to hammer out the final details and peace dragged on for years. In a big Camp David summit in 2000 comes up empty. Palestinians come to believe peace isn’t coming. Rise up in a Second Intifada, this one much more violent than the first. By the time it wound down a few years later, about 1000 Israelis and 3200 Palestinians have died. The Second Intifada really changes the conflict is really has become much more skeptical that Palestinians will ever accept peace or that it’s even worth trying. Israeli politics shift right. The country builds walls and checkpoints to control Palestinians movements. They’re not really trying to solve the conflict anymore. Just manage it.
The Palestinians are left feeling like negotiating didn’t work. And violence didn’t work, that they’re stuck under an ever growing occupation with no futures of people. That year, Israel withdraws from Gaza. Hamas gains power, but splits from the Palestinian Authority in a short Civil War, dividing Gaza from the West Bank. Israel puts Gaza under a suffocating blockade and unemployment rises to 40%.
This is the state of the conflict as we know it today.
It’s relatively new and it’s unbearable for Palestinians in the West Bank. More and more settlements are smothering Palestinians often respond with protests and sometimes the violence the most just went normal lives. in Gaza, Hamas and other violent groups have periodic wars with Israel. The fighting overwhelmingly kills Palestinians, including lots of civilians, and Israel itself. Most people have become apathetic. For the most part, the occupation keeps the conflict relatively removed from their daily lives with moments of brief but horrible violence.
There’s little political will for peace. No one really knows where the conflict goes from here. Maybe a third Intifada, maybe the Palestinian Authority collapses. But everyone agrees that things as they are now can’t last much longer. Israel’s occupation of the Palestinians is too unstable to last and that unless something dramatic changes whenever it comes next will be much worse.
STOP ISRAEL’S ILLEGAL ANNEXATION OF THE WEST BANK
“After 40 years of the illegal annexation of East Jerusalem and 53 years of illegal military occupation of the West Bank and the Gaza Strip, the Israeli government under Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu has announced its intention to annex large portions of the West Bank starting in July, with full backing from the Trump administration.
Israeli control of Palestinian territories is illegal under international law, which is clear in its emphasis on the “inadmissibility of the acquisition of territory by force.” Despite numerous UN resolutions urging Israel to end its occupation, Israel has chosen to continue on the path of settler-colonialism, apartheid, land seizure and forcible displacement of Palestinians.
Indeed, annexing territory without granting full citizenship rights to the three million Palestinians in the West Bank constitutes apartheid; Palestinians would be left in nominally autonomous and disconnected enclaves under Israeli rule.
We call on the Trudeau government to condemn the annexation and take action against it.
Canada must abide by its stated commitment to international law and the rules-based order by pledging meaningful steps against Israel’s unilateral annexations. This must include the imposition of sanctions, such as suspending the Canada-Israel Free Trade Agreement and prohibiting all trade with illegal Israeli settlements.
If recent history is any indication, verbal rebukes are insufficient, and only concrete action can ensure that Israel is deterred from its imminent violations of international law.
We can no longer stand by and be complicit.”
IMPOSE FINANCIAL AND MILITARY SANCTIONS ON ISRAEL FOR WAR CRIMES
“When will the United Nations apply international laws against Israel? When will the same lawmakers who readily impose financial and military sanctions on African, Arab and Asian Nations without thought — do the same to israel?
Why are these laws and sanctions applied? Why are you blind when it comes to Israel’s ethnic cleansing and aparthied?
To stop this continuing murder of Palestinian people and the continuing “wars” and collective punishment. Stop applying the western military strategies of internal regime change by making the lives of everyday people hell, killing their children, their elderly and their weak. Israel is not the victim, it is the perpetrator of many war crimes.
The United Nations turning a blind eye just demostrates the one sided global Political structure and this is not acceptable. ACT NOW for a lasting peace in the region.”
God, peace, & human life.
الله والسلام والحياة البشرية.
אלוהים, שלום וחיי אדם.